Whether you grow zucchini or squash, you need a plant to pollinate your crop. Pollination is critical for producing big, juicy fruits. Typically, specialized bee species pollinate squash plants, though other bees can also do so. Companion plants are a good way to improve pollination and pest control. They also provide shelter and promote soil health.
The best companion plants for squash are nasturtiums, marigolds, and dill. Nasturtiums, in particular, can increase your zucchini’s yield. They are attractive to beneficial insects and are an effective repellent for flea beetles and squash bugs. They also produce edible flowers. Moreover, they attract other pollinators, such as hoverflies.
Borage is a great companion plant for squash, too. It attracts bees because of its scented leaves and colorful blooms. Borage is also good for repelling pest worms. Borage will reseed itself year after year. It also releases calcium back into the soil.
Beans are also a great companion plant for zucchini. Peas add nitrogen to the soil and help balance the pH. The roots of these plants are also good for moisture retention. If you are planning to plant beans with zucchini, you should remember to provide sufficient spacing so that the plants can grow and spread without competing for resources.
Nasturtiums are an excellent companion plant for zucchini, too. They attract pollinators, reduce damage by squash bugs, and increase flower pollination. They are also edible for humans. Moreover, they are a natural repellent to flea beetles and squash vine borers. They also have cucumber-flavored leaves, which are especially attractive to bees.
Other excellent companion plants for squash are parsley, peppermint, and corn. These plants provide a nice ground cover to protect the squash from weeds and other plant pests. They also help attract beneficial insects, such as bees, hoverflies, and rove beetles.
Adding garlic to your garden also helps prevent aphids. It contains sulfur compounds that repel aphids. Garlic is also a great repellent to whiteflies. It is not recommended for all vegetables, though, so make sure to choose a garlic plant that is compatible with your other crops.
Peas are also an excellent companion plant for zucchini. Peas are an excellent nitrogen fixer, which helps zucchini produce higher yields. They also benefit from shaded roots, which increase moisture retention. In addition, peas fix nutrients in the soil, and their roots are great for reducing weeds.
Peponapis species is the most common species that pollinates squash plants. It is a North American species that can be found in 13 varieties. Peponapis species can be pollinated exclusively by squash plants, but you can also use other types of bees. In fact, you can hand-pollinate your squash plants. You can also use a clean paintbrush to transfer pollen.
Marigolds and dill are also great companion plants for zucchini. They attract pollinators and repel insects, such as flea beetles, squash bugs, and whiteflies. You can also grow catnip along the border of your garden to repel squash bugs and mice.