Adding companion plants to your cucumber garden is a great way to increase your crop yield and minimize pest pressures. Companion plants attract pollinators and predatory insects, and can help cucumbers survive and thrive. These plants also increase biodiversity and create a healthier garden. Companion plants can be planted indoors or outdoors.
Some companion plants to plant with cucumbers are herbs and vegetables. Depending on the variety of cucumber, some of these plants will help to repel insects, provide extra support, or improve the taste of the crop. You can also plant flowers and vegetables that add color and visual appeal to your patch. Planting a living trellis or climbers around your cucumbers will give your crop some extra support. Adding a flower can also attract pollinators.
Cucumbers are easy going plants that need little attention. However, they are also susceptible to pest pressures. Plants like potatoes and melons can damage your crop and compete with cucumbers for water, nutrients, and space. These plants are also susceptible to diseases such as mosaic virus. When these diseases take hold of a plant, the entire crop can be destroyed.
Cucumbers are members of the cucurbit family, which includes pumpkins, melons, and squash. They share many pests and diseases with their relatives. If disease pressure is high, your cucurbits may want to be separated from their relatives. Some old wives’ tales say that cucumbers and squash should be grown far apart. However, this practice is not always true. You can plant cucumbers and squash next to each other in your garden, and you can also grow them in a vegetable bed.
Some of the best companion plants for cucumbers are root vegetables like carrots, beets, and parsnips. These plants are excellent for keeping the soil moist in mid-summer heat. They are also excellent for attracting beneficial insects like bees and ladybugs. These insects can help to reduce the number of aphids and spider mites.
Other plants to plant near cucumbers include beans, corn, lettuce, peas, and sunflowers. These plants will provide support and natural trellises for your cucumbers. They will also provide some extra nutrients to your crop. Peas can be planted a little early in the season, giving your cucumbers more time to grow.
Nasturtiums and sunflowers are also great companion plants for cucumbers. Nasturtiums provide shade and can repel cucumber beetles, while sunflowers provide natural trellis and attract pollinators. They can also act as a living mulch around the base of your cucumbers.
Mint is another companion plant that can be used with cucumbers. Mint is invasive and can quickly take over a garden bed. However, mint is also an aromatic herb. This scent can alter the flavor of cucumbers.
You can also plant some ground cover plants, which will help keep the soil cooler and protect it from pests. Plants like calendula and tansy can repel pests. Some aromatic herbs, such as peppermint, can also be a challenge to grow next to cucumbers.