Whether you are growing eggplants as a vegetable or for its fruits, they require a lot of care to make them successful. They do not tolerate temperatures too high or low, so you will need to keep them in a dark and cool location. They also need a lot of water. In addition, eggplants are prone to pests, especially aphids.
You should plant eggplants a couple of inches deeper than the soil’s temperature. This allows for the roots to grow more deeply and puts more energy into the sturdy stalks. It is also a good idea to prune the suckers throughout the growing season. This will boost the vigor of the plant and improve fruit set.
Eggplants grow best in warm, well-drained soil with good organic matter. If the soil is not rich enough, you can add compost or other amendments before planting. You should also apply a balanced, water soluble fertilizer every two weeks, preferably during the growing season. During the winter, eggplants can be grown indoors as seedlings. You can use containers, but you should be careful to ensure that the soil is evenly moist. If you live in a cold climate, you can use floating row covers to keep the soil warm.
If you are planting eggplants indoors, you can use a drip irrigation system. Water the eggplants every few days, especially when the top two inches of soil are dry. You should also water them every night so that the leaves can dry quickly. As the eggplant plants grow, you should shake them every day to promote air circulation.
You can plant eggplants in containers or raised beds. You can also grow eggplants in a black plastic mulch, which will warm the soil and help the plants grow. For the best results, use a peat or coir pot to prevent the root disturbance that can occur with a traditional container. You should also make sure that you have enough space for the eggplants. You should space them about 18 inches apart, but you may need to space them further depending on the variety of eggplant you are growing.
You can also plant eggplants hydroponically in an indoor greenhouse. You can grow several plants in a five-gallon bucket. In order to avoid having the plants toppled over, you should use stakes to keep them upright. When the eggplants are well-established, you can transplant them to a final location.
You should plant eggplant seeds eight weeks before the average last frost date. Seeds should be planted at least fivemm to one cm deep in the soil, but you can also plant them in seed trays with humidity domes. You can also grow eggplants in containers, but make sure to keep them away from sunny windows.
Eggplants are self-pollinating. This means that they will not require any pollination, but it is a good idea to spray your plants with a hose if you notice aphids or other pests. You can also use a blend of water, dish soap, and baking soda to spray them.