Getting the most yield from your eggplant requires a few tips. The first is to select a variety that is suited to your area. Eggplants grow best in soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 7.0, though some varieties will thrive in slightly acidic soil. Eggplants also require a lot of water, so be sure to water them frequently. They need at least an inch of water per week, and may need more water during hot weather. You can also increase yield by pruning the plant. It will force the plant to produce more fruits through the main stems.
Pruning will also help keep the plant healthy, prevent it from becoming overcrowded, and help it get more aeration. You can prune eggplants by removing leaves and suckers that are close to the main stem. You can also remove excess foliage to encourage fruit production lower down on the plant. You can do this by using gardening shears.
Pruning can also be used to protect your eggplant from infections. Lace bugs can infest the plant and can be easily removed by removing infested leaves and tilling the soil. You can also use diatomaceous earth to treat an infestation.
If you want to increase your eggplant yield, it is important to choose a location that gets ample sunlight. Typically, you want to plant eggplants in areas with full sun, or areas that are located near a south-facing wall. You also want to plant the eggplant in soil that is rich in nutrients, such as compost. You should also mulch the soil with organic matter, such as leaves or tree bark. This will help keep moisture in the soil and will also help keep weeds under control.
After planting, keep the soil moist, but never soggy. Water your eggplant plant in the morning and evening. You can also spray the soil with a liquid fertilizer, but be sure to do it only when the weather is cool. Heavy precipitation can splash fertilizer onto your eggplant plants, so avoid spraying them if you can.
You can also use a drip irrigation system to keep your eggplant plants moist. Most producers use drip strips that have a 20cm (7.8 inches) spacing between drips. This is ideal for eggplants because they do not like to dry out.
Using a dark compost can also help increase eggplant yield. Dark compost warms the soil and will speed up the growth of the plant. You can also add blood meal at planting time to add nutrients to the soil.
You can also help your eggplant yield by rotating the crops in your garden. This will help prevent disease and blight. You can also add mulch to keep moisture in the soil and prevent weeds from growing. You can also use fans to stimulate pollination and increase your yield. You can place fans in your greenhouse or in the garden.
Some producers will remove the double flowers on the plant, which will help the plant produce more fruits. If you wish to remove the flowers, be sure to leave a branch of the plant underneath the main division. This will allow the plant to focus its energy on fruiting.